Zero Waste Tips

32 Tips for Zero Waste Living

The world is drowning in trash. As a result, going zero waste has made its way into mainstream culture. Unlike previously when waste management was left to government facilities and manufacturers, individuals and households are taking steps to reduce waste. If you’re looking to join the movement, this article highlights achievable tips for zero waste living.

As humans, we generate a lot of waste which increases our carbon footprint. The amount of trash that ends up in landfills is at an all-time high. A study conducted by the EPA revealed that in the United States, individuals produce about 4.4 pounds of waste daily3. Numbers like these are sparking conversations and lifestyle changes. 

The Zero Waste Lifestyle Movement

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Bea Johnson is credited with beginning and popularising the mainstream zero waste lifestyle movement. The blogger, author, mother, and wife began to document her family’s journey, debunking misconceptions and inspiring others.

Since 2008, her family has been producing only a jar of trash yearly. Consequently, in 2013 she published her book, ‘Zero Waste Home: The Ultimate Guide to Simplifying your Life by Reducing your Waste’ (on amazon). She and her family have cut down their waste and the need to buy unnecessary, polluting items. 

What Does Going Zero Waste Mean?

A zero-waste lifestyle is a practice of not just reducing, but avoiding waste as much as possible. Many of us know that plastic is one of the major polluting materials. A study by World Bank researchers revealed that the world generates about 3.5 million tons of plastic and solid waste daily2. These large numbers call for individual responsibility in making positive changes. By pursuing a waste-free life, people can stop buying unnecessary items, own what they need and save money simultaneously through reduction and reuse. It is important to note that zero waste living isn’t about perfection. It is about making better choices for the environment, the planet, and even for ourselves.

This practice also helps to protect marine life and our oceans. Sadly, a significant portion of our trash and plastic waste tends to end up in our oceans. Therefore, a zero-waste journey also entails choosing plastic-free, thereby avoiding things like plastic packaging. 

Although zero-waste might seem impractical at first glance, you can take a series of easy steps to achieve, or at least get as close as practical, to a zero-waste lifestyle. Beyond buying new items at package-free stores, below you’ll find essential and simple steps that anyone can take and apply. It all deals with principles and discipline.

How to Get Started

To simplify the “how to get started” process keep in mind the 4RS: Refuse, Reduce, Reuse and Recycle.

  • Refusing or rejecting what you don’t need.
  • Reduce what is not needed.
  • Reuse to give items you own a second or new life.
  • Recycling if you cannot refuse, reduce or reuse the item. 

Some people add a 5th, Rot, to encourage the reduction in food waste via composting at home.

Read more here: Importance of 4Rs - Refuse, Reduce, Reuse, Recycle

Zero Waste Tips

Reusable veg bag and grow your own zero waste tips
Photo by Markus Spiske on Unsplash

Zero waste living doesn’t have to be as daunting as it seems. By taking small and simple steps, you can make a lot of difference with each step, especially if you keep it up and keep going. To support your journey, we’ve compiled 32 zero waste tips to guide you. We’ve divided these into tips within the home and when you’re out.

Within the Home

Swap plastic toothbrushes for bamboo and compostable alternatives

Avoid plastic toothbrushes and non-recyclable toothpaste tubes. All those discarded plastic brushes add up, and with plastic-free alternatives easy to source, you’ll find this an easy zero waste tip to achieve. Many times, these small items will end up in landfills. They also take many years to break down, leading to environmental pollution. A way to go zero waste is swapping plastics for eco-friendly toothbrush alternatives. 

Choose bar soaps 

Switch out your soaps in plastic bottles for those made into bars. Instead of a body wash, dish soap, or shampoo that comes in a single-use plastic bottle, opt for zero waste alternatives. Many zero waste stores offer solid bar dish soap and zero waste shampoo bars as alternatives. However, for items that come in bottle packaging, some stores offer refills. This act helps to prevent constantly purchasing a new dish soap or shampoo bottle, for instance.

Focus on long-lasting and sustainable clothing 

One of the prominent zero waste tips is to make sure every time you buy a clothing item, it is sustainable. People tend to purchase items impulsively, especially with the incentives of discount codes and sales. This usually leads to tossing out things that do not fit into one’s living style. Whenever you feel like making an impulsive purchase, stop and reflect on the possible consequences of that action. Ethical and sustainable brands provide transparency in their production and supply chains. This gives us information on the lifecycle of such products, including whether they biodegrade or not.

Or buy second-hand

Instead of buying something new, you can also embrace second-hand purchases. So next time you’re thinking of adding pieces to your wardrobe, consider online thrifting

Adopt the slow tech philosophy

In this context, this means only owning devices that align with your values and principles. This is opposed to making purchases based on impulse, pressure from people, or what’s trending.

In practice, focus on buying well-made gadgets that have a warranty. With this, rather than constantly buying when there’s a fault, you can repair it instead. Also, you can purchase second-hand gadgets. These usually come without the plastic packaging of new items. This allows you to avoid unnecessary packaging while reducing the impact of technology on the environment.

Reuse and Refill

The practice of reusing and refilling containers at home helps to prevent turning them to waste products. These containers include plastic containers, bottles, and glass jars. This practice debunks the idea that going low waste or zero waste means only shopping for new items. Even within your household, you and your family can repurpose containers instead of buying new containers. For instance, you can reuse things like old jam jars, shampoo bottles, and food packs.

Repurpose old fabric

When next you’re thinking of tossing out an old or damaged t-shirt, consider how you can repurpose it. You can turn old and torn clothes into cleaning rags. This small practice reduces the environmental impact of throwing clothes into the trash. So your zero waste journey doesn’t have to be so daunting.

Donate items you no longer need

Donating is a simple way to give back and also a step to embrace a zero-waste lifestyle. When people think of zero waste tips, donating may not immediately come to mind. However, it makes a significant difference when you clear out things you don’t need to give to people that need them.

Repair Repair Repair

Learning a few sewing and repair tips can save you from generating a lot of waste. This is often related to clothing items, including shoes. A zero-waste lifestyle begins with small lifestyle changes you implement within the home. Through repairing, you avoid throwing out everything that has minor defects. You’re able to fix items and use them for longer.

Avoid paper waste

This includes junk mail, business cards, and greeting cards. To avoid paper waste, you have to be conscious and intentional about reducing it. Studies show that Americans use 85,000,000 tons of paper a year. The average family throws away 13,000 separate pieces of paper each year. Also, most of this waste is junk mail and packaging4.

Make compost piles

Composting easily makes the list of zero waste tips. You can create compost piles within the house or in a garden setting. Food waste and yard waste usually end up in landfills. To prevent this, you can make use of organic food waste to create compost piles. Once these develop, they add nutrients to soils to aid plant growth. 

Make homemade meals 

When transitioning your family to a zero-waste lifestyle, making and prioritizing homemade meals is crucial. It reduces the constant desire to order takeout. When you order food, it usually comes with a lot of packaging that can sometimes be useless. Fast food almost always comes with plastic packaging as well. This generates a lot of plastic waste destined to end up in oceans and landfills. 

Use safety razors

Safety razors offer a simple solution to zero waste shaving. They are all metal and usually made from stainless steel or chrome rather than plastic material. Instead of disposing of the razor, like single-use plastics, you simply replace the razor. A simple swap of razors contributes significantly to a zero-waste lifestyle. 

Sustainable period products

One of the most important zero waste tips for women is switching period products to more sustainable ones. Rather than using disposable pads, consider period panties or even period cups. These options are sustainable alternatives to conventional menstrual pads that typically include plastics. This means that they are not biodegradable or compostable. Also, reusable options are safer and help you save money over time. 

Opt for sustainable bedding fabrics

Choosing the right bedding materials for your family plays a role in achieving a zero-waste lifestyle. The same way you should consider the sustainable qualities of your clothes also applies here. Naturally, bed and bedding are essential in the house. Bedding fabrics such as hemp and linen are sustainable options for a zero-waste lifestyle. The manufacturing processes of these fabrics are environmentally friendly. These materials are also durable and do not cause harm to the environment when you no longer need them.

Embrace DIY

DIY culture is essential when discussing zero waste tips. Personal care items, cleaning products, and other household things usually come in plastic packaging. To avoid unnecessary and non-reusable packaging, you can embrace do-it-yourself practices. A zero-waste lifestyle helps you discover creative ways to make products by yourself. This involves using natural ingredients to create your products. 

Reduce water waste

Water waste cannot be ignored. Your actions towards water conservation and reducing water waste at home all also contribute to your zero waste lifestyle. Simple acts such as turning off the tap water when brushing or doing the dishes makes a significant difference. A zero-waste lifestyle is all-around. It is not only limited to material items, although significant but also the way of thinking and behaving.

Use natural and alternative cleaning products.

Many conventional cleaning products contain toxic ingredients. Also, they usually come in plastic bottles. Switching to natural cleaning products is a meaningful lifestyle change when switching to zero waste. You can either purchase these products from zero waste shops or make them yourself.

Washing up in the bathroom

Toilet paper is a waste product, and the process of manufacturing it is not always sustainable. For instance, creating products with 100% virgin fiber generates three times as much carbon as products made from other types of pulp1. Additionally, manufacturing a single roll of toilet paper uses 37 gallons of water. Alternatively, you can use water to wash up after using the toilet. Bidets also play an important role here to make the process easy. If installing a bidet isn’t something you can practically achieve, you can check out the growing number of eco-friendly toilet paper brands offering more sustainable choices with less packaging. 

When Out and About / Outside the Home

Tip carry zero waste cutlery
Photo by Good Soul Shop on Unsplash

Own refillable and reusable bottles 

Whenever you’re out, either on an errand or going to work, it’s always a good idea to have a refillable bottle. Unlike a disposable plastic bottle, you use a refillable water bottle over and over again. Also, they look much better than plastic bottles anyway. This tip is also applicable to people who drink coffee regularly. Own a reusable coffee cup that you can carry along on the go. 

Mesh bags for grocery shopping

The plastic bags we accumulate whenever we go shopping constitute waste eventually when we throw them away. To avoid accumulating such, a zero-waste lifestyle tip is to own reusable shopping bags. These include tote bags and mesh or organic cotton produce bags. So when next you’re going to the grocery store, remember to take your bag along. This will make it easy to reject plastic bags from the grocery store attendant. 

Buy plastic-free fruits and vegetables.

In many grocery stores, fruits and vegetables are pre-packaged in plastic materials. These wrapping materials contribute to waste and pollution. To avoid this, buy fruits and vegetables not packaged in plastic. Grocery stores are now offering the option of either buying loose or pre-packaged without plastic. Also, you can choose to buy fresh groceries from farmers’ markets should you have on nearby. Local, fresher, plastic-free, and supporting local farmers.

No plastic straws

Single-use plastic straws are major polluting items. It can be difficult to comprehend that something as little as a straw can cause so much damage. However, these little items accumulate with different people using them. In the US alone, the population uses about 500 million straws every day. As many as 8.3 million tons of plastic straws pollute the beaches in the world. Also, these plastics usually end up in the stomachs of aquatic animals, causing severe damaging effects. Reusable straws come in different materials like stainless steel, silicone, glass, and bamboo. By saying no to plastic straws and yes to reusable straws, you’re on your way to living a zero-waste life. 

Bulk buying 

Buying items in bulk is a great way to reduce the amount of packaging you bring into your house. From food items to cleaning and personal care items, there’s always the option to buy in bulk. Zero-waste stores also offer larger jars or containers of your favorite products so you can have enough for a longer period. When ordering online, bulk buying also helps to keep the carbon footprint low due to shipping. 

Avoid impulsive buying

Impulsive buying means making purchases without planning. One of the major disadvantages of this action is that it leads to people owning items they don’t need. Impulsive buying is anti-zero waste because it accumulates unnecessary items that tend to become trash. This is why it’s important to plan, by making shopping lists, before going out. 

Patronize zero-waste personal care brands

Some brands specifically make and sell zero-waste products. Such brands pay attention to the manufacturing process of their items and reduce unnecessary package supplies. They also focus on things like solid bars instead of plastic bottles. This applies to items such as shampoo, conditioner, and dish soap.

Refuse Freebies 

Promotional items or freebies tend to be cheap and made from unsustainable materials. Cheap plastic pens, for instance, contain toxic ink and pollute the environment. Rather than accumulating these pens, invest in refillable fountain pens or eco-friendly stationery brands.

Reduce office waste

Of course, we also generate waste within the office environment. Use both sides of paper when printing or writing, refuse junk mail, and invest in sustainable office supplies. Rather than tossing out extra office materials, you can donate them to schools that need them. Also, develop an office culture of refillable items; these include refillable pens and markers. 

Consider alternative transportation

Transportation is another area that causes pollution and affects the environment. Instead of always using a car, consider if public transportation can get you to your destination. For short distances, you can also hop on a bicycle which serves as a form of exercise. 

Meal prep

Planning your meals and packing your lunch eliminates waste from takeaways. Many times, these takeaway foods come with plastic cutleries. Snacks also come in plastic wrappers, which lead to waste. Turn eating out into a zero-waste practice by packing your lunch before leaving the house. This saves money and prevents impulsive buying as well. 

Have discussions with others about zero-waste living

When embarking on a new journey, it’s always important to connect with other like-minded people. Connect with others, collaborate, and educate on the importance of a zero-waste lifestyle. This not only inspires action in others but also drives you to hold yourself accountable. Also, don’t just tell; show people as well and lead by example. Your actions will inspire others around you to make these changes. 

Ditch tissue papers for handkerchiefs

Instead of single-use tissue papers, invest in handkerchiefs that can serve you for longer. With every use of tissue paper, you toss them away. However, you can use your handkerchiefs, wash them and use them again. Handkerchiefs serve various purposes and you can keep more than one in your purse. 

Create a zero-waste kit 

A zero-waste kit is essential for anyone on a zero-waste journey. This go-kit contains the necessary items you need, especially when out, to prevent generating waste. It keeps you prepared. It includes items like a reusable cup and bottle, straw, utensils, eco lunch box, shopping bag, and handkerchiefs. Some zero waste stores sell starter kits containing necessary items to support your journey. 

Benefits of Living Zero Waste 

It reduces waste and pollution: Many disposable things end up as trash. These things cause a build-up of waste that is usually destined to end up in landfills, causing pollution. If these piles of waste are burnt, it leads to air pollution as well. 

It protects wildlife and the planet: Several waste products end up in oceans, landfills, and even on the streets. These negatively impact animals both on land and in water. It also leads to environmental pollution, which is harmful to human health. A zero-waste lifestyle embraces sustainable materials.

It can help you save money: Zero waste living helps you plan your life by prioritizing only useful and essential items. This also helps you reduce purchasing disposable items that don’t last long.

It eliminates unnecessary items in your home and life: A zero waste lifestyle helps you eliminate clutter in your life. This lifestyle makes you intentional about everything you own. Through refusing, reducing, reusing, recycling, and rotting, you’re assured you only own what you need.

It focuses on quality and long-lasting items: A zero waste lifestyle also means focusing on quality over quantity. This allows you to own things that are sustainable, durable, and high-quality. 

Final Thoughts on Zero Waste Tips

The mismanagement and irresponsible disposal of individual and household waste contribute to climate change. The waste that various households produce significantly impacts the planet. The zero-waste tips highlighted in this article serve as a guide to help you embrace a zero-waste lifestyle. These tips are simple and easy to apply to your daily life.


Schultz, T., & Suresh, A. (2018). Life Cycle Impact Assessment Methodology for Environmental Paper Network Paper Calculator v4.0, SCS Global Services,

p. 51

2Kaza, Silpa; Yao, Lisa C.; Bhada-Tata, Perinaz; Van Woerden, Frank. 2018. What a Waste 2.0 : A Global Snapshot of Solid Waste Management to 2050. Urban Development;. Washington, DC: World Bank. © World Bank. License: CC BY 3.0 IGO

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). (n.d.). Municipal Solid Waste


The University of Southern Indiana. (n.d.). Paper Recycling Facts

Jennifer is a content writer with an educational background in Public Relations and Advertising. From her desk in Lagos, Nigeria, she helps businesses around the world reach and connect with their audiences.
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