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National Bird Day: Why it Matters and How to Get Involved

National Bird Day, celebrated annually on January 5th, aims to raise public awareness and appreciation for the incredible diversity of the avian world. 

More than just a chance to admire the beauty and variety of our feathered friends, National Bird Day provides a platform for highlighting both the need and the important efforts around bird conservation and the pressing issues these fascinating creatures face.

National Bird Day champions responsible stewardship of our natural world, stressing the interconnectedness of all species and the dire need for united action. 

For instance, vulnerable bird species, such as the critically endangered California Condor, urgently require our collective efforts for their survival. 

So, whether you're a seasoned birdwatcher or simply enjoy the delightful sounds of birdsong on a quiet morning, National Bird Day is an opportunity for everyone to play a part in safeguarding these remarkable beings and the environments they inhabit.

Featured in: January Awareness Months, Days & Observances

History and Background of National Bird Day

Pair of captive parrots
Pair of captive parrots. Photo by Jonah Pettrich on Unsplash

National Bird Day has its roots in 2002 when two organizations focused on bird protection and advocacy – the Avian Welfare Coalition (AWC) and Born Free USA – came together to create a day to highlight the significance of birds and their conservation. 

Set on January 5, this event was designed to build on the momentum of the long-standing annual Christmas Bird Count. This citizen science initiative has monitored North American bird populations since 19002.

The founders behind National Bird Day understood that birds hold a crucial place in our ecosystems. With this in mind, the AWC and Born Free USA established National Bird Day to draw awareness to the numerous challenges birds encounter, ranging from habitat loss and climate change to the illegal pet trade. Their goal was to ignite a newfound appreciation for the beauty and intelligence of birds, inspiring people to take action in safeguarding their habitats.

National Bird Day has seen a surge in reach and influence since its inception, gaining the support of a multitude of organizations, such as the American Bird Conservancy, the Humane Society of the United States, and the World Parrot Trust. 

This growing network of participation has given rise to various events to raise awareness and advocate for bird conservation, including educational programs, bird-watching hikes, and art contests. Furthermore, National Bird Day has begun to impact worldwide, with celebrations and campaigns in countries like Canada, the United Kingdom, and Australia.

The Cause and Its Challenges

Pair puffins
Photo by Wynand van Poortvliet on Unsplash

Countless avian species find themselves held in captivity, commonly sold as pets or exploited for breeding, causing myriad challenges in maintaining their physical and emotional health. 

Concurrently, this significant day underscores the importance of preserving the natural habitats of wild birds, which face continual threats from human activities and the ever-looming specter of climate change3.

The myriad struggles captive birds endure are indeed disheartening. Improper care, confinement, and isolation are among the most widespread problems. As a result, captive birds can experience grave health issues, psychological distress, and even self-harming behaviors. 

Moreover, the illegal pet trade casts a long shadow over numerous species' survival - millions of birds are snatched and sold across the globe every year. Sadly throughout the commercial bird trade, many perish en route to their destinations, victims of stress, malnutrition, and insufficient care.

But captive birds are not the only ones facing challenges; wild birds also confront a myriad of perils. As essential habitats shrink and climate change disrupts migratory patterns, the survival of these avian species hangs in the balance. 

BirdLife International's alarming data reveals that 40% of the world's bird species are dwindling, with one in eight teetering on the brink of extinction. 

Losing these bird populations would have far-reaching consequences, as these creatures maintain critical roles in pollination, seed dispersal, and pest control, ensuring the stability of our precious ecosystems. Next January, celebrate National Bird Day as a poignant reminder of the immediate need to tackle these challenges head-on and safeguard the diverse world of our feathered friends.

5 Important Facts About Avian Conservation

  • Our feathered friends face many threats, including habitat loss, climate change, and human activities such as illegal hunting and trade. The alarming decline in bird populations puts these magnificent creatures in danger and carries dire ecological repercussions4.
  • Birds serve as the unsung heroes of our ecosystems, playing pivotal roles in pollination, seed dispersal, and keeping pests under control. These natural services help maintain the ecological balance and, ultimately, the well-being of our planet and life upon it.
  • The illegal pet trade poses a severe challenge to bird populations, with millions of birds captured and sold each year. Sadly, this practice often results in high mortality rates during transportation and subjects our avian companions to subpar living conditions, adding to their vulnerability.
  • Our migratory birds encounter unique obstacles as they traverse vast distances between their breeding and wintering grounds. In addition to habitat loss at both ends of their journey, they face multiple threats, such as colliding with buildings and wind turbines, making their arduous journeys even more perilous.
  • By supporting bird conservation initiatives, we do more than protect these fascinating creatures – we also safeguard the ecosystems they inhabit. Embracing a holistic approach to conservation can create a ripple effect, fostering the health and stability of the natural world we all share.

Read more in our compilation of bird facts.

Efforts and Initiatives

One highly effective endeavor in bird conservation stems from the work of BirdLife International, a worldwide alliance of organizations passionately dedicated to safeguarding avian species and their habitats.

Their tireless efforts have established an extensive network of Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs), carefully chosen through a set of precise criteria. These areas protect innumerable endangered species and foster collaboration between BirdLife International, governments, local communities, and private sectors to develop and implement sustainable policies and practices for habitat preservation.

Another notable initiative is the Cornell Lab of Ornithology's "Celebrate Urban Birds" program, which invites city dwellers to participate in birdwatching and citizen science. Here, enthusiastic participants document the presence of various bird species in their urban surroundings, contributing valuable data to scientific research and pinpointing areas where conservation efforts can be most effective.

World Migratory Bird Day (WMBD, sometimes also called International Migratory Bird Day) is another conversation initiative aimed at protecting birds. Celebrated on the second Saturday of May and October every year, this day is an opportunity to connect organizations, governments, and bird enthusiasts from over 70 countries to address the challenges migratory birds face. 

How to Get Involved and Support the Cause

Bird Cage in a tree
Photo by Daria Volkova on Unsplash

National Bird Day presents many opportunities for bird enthusiasts and eco-conscious individuals to dive into activities, celebrate birds, raise awareness, and advance bird conservation. 

One hands-on approach is joining local events like birdwatching walks, workshops, or lectures. Besides learning about bird species and their habitats, these gatherings help you connect with fellow bird lovers who champion avian conservation1.

Social media is another powerful way to spread the word about National Bird Day. Share educational materials, fascinating tidbits, bird quotes, and your own bird-related experiences using popular hashtags such as #nationalbirdday. This boosts visibility and sparks conversations about bird conservation, complementing your offline efforts. You can also volunteer at a bird sanctuary or rehabilitation center to make a real difference in the lives of our feathered friends.

Want to contribute on a larger scale? Think about hosting a bird-themed fundraiser or donating to trustworthy organizations committed to avian well-being. 

Pooling resources and supporting established groups like the National Audubon Society or the American Bird Conservancy amplifies your impact. 

Besides that, consider the power of learning and sharing your knowledge. We can all play a role in helping protect birds by informing friends and family about bird-friendly practices. Doing so is a small step we can all take to help inspire those around us to protect birds in their day-to-day lives.


National Bird Day serves as a reminder of our avian friends' essential roles in our ecosystem and an opportunity to celebrate their beauty and diversity.

Be informed about bird conservation. Support local and global initiatives, such as bird-friendly habitats or the preservation of critical nesting sites. Finally, be informed about eco-friendly products and ethical choices.

By taking these small steps, you will contribute to a brighter future for the myriad avian wonders that share our skies. Together, we can ensure they continue to soar, enchant, and inspire for generations to come.

National Bird Day FAQs

1. When is National Bird Day?

National Bird Day is celebrated annually on January 5th.

2. Why is National Bird Day important?

National Bird Day is important because it raises awareness about the importance of birds in our ecosystem and the threats they face.

3. How can I help support birds on National Bird Day?

You can support birds on National Bird Day by participating in birdwatching activities, volunteering at bird sanctuaries, and advocating for bird conservation.

4. What are some common threats to bird populations?

Some common threats to bird populations include habitat loss, pollution, climate change, and hunting.

5. What is the goal of National Bird Day?

National Bird Day aims to promote awareness about the importance of birds and their conservation and to encourage people to take action to protect them.


Cox, D. T., & Gaston, K. J. (2015). Likeability of garden birds: Importance of species knowledge & richness in connecting people to nature. PloS one, 10(11), e0141505.


Erica H. Dunn and others, Enhancing the Scientific Value of the Christmas Bird CountThe Auk, Volume 122, Issue 1, 1 January 2005, Pages 338–346, 


Şekercioğlu, Ç. H., Primack, R. B., & Wormworth, J. (2012). The effects of climate change on tropical birds. Biological Conservation, 148(1), 1-18.


Kenneth V. Rosenberg et al. ,Decline of the North American avifauna. Science366,120-124(2019).

Photo by Barth Bailey on Unsplash
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